Gold Coins From Germany

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The German Gold Coins: Sizes and Designs

German Gold Coin history starts hundreds of years ago. Before the unification of the German states, several other types of old German gold coins were manufactured in these states, such as: carolins (karolins), ducats, franks (franken), fredericks (friederichs), goldgulden, gulden, krone, maximilians (d'or), pistols (pistolens), thalers, wilhelms, in multipliers and fractional sizes. Yet, beginning with the unification, the Goldmark was established as the official currency in the German Empire from 1871 up to 1915. The Gold Mark was introduced by the unifier of the German States, Otto von Bismarck and the Emperor of Germany Wilhelm I. Bismark created the central bank and the common German currency, even though the states were allowed to issue their own gold and silver coins. The standard Germany Gold Coins, the Goldmarks, are .900 fine gold pieces issued in three main denominations and sizes: the 5 Mark Gold Coin of 0.0576 oz. (struck only in 1877 and 1878), the 10 Mark Gold Coin of 0.1152 oz. and the 20 Mark Gold Coin of 0.2304 oz. The most influential period was during the mintage of the Prussian Gold Coins, especially the 20 Goldmark, because Prussia was the largest and wealthiest state. These German Gold Coins value is very high among investors and collectors because they are considered the lifetime savings during the disastrous inflation that hit Germany in 1920s. Those who put away some of these coins managed to recover from it, making this historical coins very special. Modern German Gold coins include 100 Euro issues with different obverse designs, such as Euro Soccer World Cup, Wartburg, Aachen Cathedral, Abbey of Lorsch, Rhine Gorge and several others.

The German Goldmark Coins

The German Goldmark Coins were issued in denominations of 10 and 20 marks. Each German Gold Coin featured the profile image of the reigning monarch at the time when the coin was manufactured:

  • 1872-1881 10 marks and 1872-1878 20 marks featured the profile picture of Ludwig II, King of Bavaria, on the obverse side, and the Imperial German Eagle on the reverse side of the coin.
  • 1890-1912 10 Marks and 1895-1913 20 Marks featured the image of King Otto of Bavaria on the obverse side, with the same reverse side design.
  • 1875-1888 10 Goldmarks and 1872-1895 20 Goldmarks feature the image of King Friedrich I of Baden,
  • 1874-1888 and 1890-1891 issues of 10 Goldmarks, as well as 1872-1873 1894-1914 issues of 20 Goldmarks - the image of Karl Wuerttemberg,
  • 1878-1880 10 Goldmarks - the image of Ludwig IV, Grand Duke of Hesse,
  • 1872-1873 20 GoldMarks the image of Johann King of Saxony,
  • 1888 10 Goldmark the image of Friedrich III,
  • 1871-1888 20 Goldmarks the image of William I.

The 10 and 20 Goldmarks were also issued with the Coat of Arms of the City of Hamburg on the obverse side and the 1913-1914 20 Goldmark with the bust of Wilhelm II released to celebrate its 25th anniversary.

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